鼻腔疾病和诊断


鼻疾病和诊断bbb高级耳鼻喉科服务


From filtering the air and promoting healthy lungs to allowing you to enjoy the delicious aroma of a favorite meal, 鼻子和鼻窦对健康和舒适起着至关重要的作用. 当鼻子或鼻腔通道的系统不能正常工作时, 其结果是疼痛或不适,影响日常生活的许多方面. 在某些情况下, some nasal conditions can even result in death or debilitating disease if proper treatment is not sought out. 耳鼻喉科专家和 耳鼻喉科学家 at Advanced ENT Services’ many practice locations in the Hudson Valley are here to help.


请求预约或转介病人|电话 914.693.7636.

 

请填写这张简短的表格来申请预约.

A representative from WMCHealth Physicians Advanced ENT Services will call you at the phone number you include on this form. We accept most insurances including Medicare and Medicaid; please be sure to ask the practice representative who calls you if we accept your insurance plan. If you have a medical emergency, 请打电话给 911 or go to the nearest emergency room.

 

鼻腔疾病和诊断

Providers at Advanced ENT Services care for a wide range of nasal conditions and diag鼻子s.

选择下面的条件以获取更多信息. (了解更多与鼻相关的Surgery和程序.) 

 

Congenital Nasal Narrowing, Obstruction or Stenosis

 

鼻腔通道允许空气进出肺部. 鼻腔呼吸对新生儿尤为重要. 在一些新生儿中, 鼻道阻塞或变窄, 导致呼吸和进食严重中断. This condition may be treated by widening the nasal passageways in order to improve airflow.

 

Congestion

 

Nasal congestion is a common experience for everyone; congestion occurs when nasal tissues and the surrounding areas become swollen and may be associated with nasal discharge. Congestion in infants, however, can be more serious, disrupting sleep and interfering with feeding. ENT physicians at Advanced ENT Services can diag鼻子 and treat acute and chronic congestion in patients of all ages.

 

Decreased Sense of Smell or Taste

 

嗅觉或味觉下降在60岁及以上的成年人中比较常见. 然而, it’s important to communicate with your physician about changes in your ability to taste or smell, 因为这些变化可能与潜在的健康状况有关, 包括Nasal Polyps, 某些药物的使用, 阿尔茨海默病, 帕金森病, 以及其他条件.

 

鼻中隔偏曲,鼻甲增大

 

The nasal septum is made up of bone and cartilage, forming a wall between the two nasal passageways. Turbinates are bony structures on the lateral nasal wall (side opposite the septum) involved in air humidification, 过滤, 优化气流. Most people have some degree of 中隔偏曲, meaning that the wall is crooked or off center. For many, the issue is not significant enough to require medical or surgical intervention. 为他人, 鼻中隔偏曲可能导致呼吸困难, 经常Nosebleeds, 面部疼痛, 或者其他症状. Enlarged turbinates (“turbinate hypertrophy”) can lead to further narrowing of the nasal airway, 日益恶化的Congestion. 药物治疗包括鼻腔喷雾剂,包括局部鼻腔类固醇, which can decrease the size of the turbinates and surrounding tissue to make more space to accommodate airflow. 没有结构上的改变, 这些治疗可以显著改善一些患者的症状. 如果这种方法没有效果, your physician may recommend a surgical procedure known as septoplasty to straighten the septum and turbinoplasty to reduce the size of the turbinates.

 

Facial Fractures

 

耳鼻喉外科医生与其他专家一起修复Facial Fractures, 包括颧骨的骨折, 鼻子, 颌骨和其他骨骼.

 

Facial Lacerations

 

Deep cuts or tears in the face or neck can cause injury to skin, muscle, nerves and other tissues. 耳鼻喉外科医生与其他专家合作修复面部撕裂伤.

 

Foreign Bodies in the Nose

 

A “foreign body” is a term medical professionals use to describe an object that does not belong in the area in which it has become lodged. Foreign bodies in the 鼻子 are most common in small children, but can occur in anyone. 耳鼻喉科专家可以清除异物, 比如粘土, 鹅卵石, 污垢, 食物, 纽扣电池, 小玩具, 等.

 

Hypernasal演讲

 

Hypernasal speech is a speech disorder that is characterized by excessive airflow through the 鼻子 during speech. 这可能会导致这个人说话带鼻音, 就好像他们在用鼻子而不是嘴说话一样. 鼻音过重的言语可由多种因素引起, including structural abnormalities in the nasal cavity or pharynx (the part of the throat behind the mouth), 神经系统疾病, 以及其他医疗条件. 在某些情况下, 鼻音过重也可能是更严重疾病的症状, 如腭咽功能不全(VPI), in which the muscles and structures in the back of the throat do not function properly, 导致喉咙后部和鼻腔之间有空隙. Treatment for hypernasal speech typically involves a combination of speech therapy and surgery to correct the underlying cause of the condition.

 

Nasal Masses

 

A nasal mass is an abnormal growth (benign or cancerous) occurring within the 鼻子. 鼻肿块可能是先天性的,也可能是在以后的生活中形成的. 囊肿, polyps and tumors are all types of nasal masses that a physician at Advanced ENT Services may diag鼻子 and treat. 症状包括鼻塞、Runny Nose、Nosebleeds或疼痛. Many types of nasal masses may be removed surgically through a minimally invasive approach using an endoscope.

 

Nasal Polyps

 

Nasal polyps are benign growths that develop in the nasal passageways as a result of chronic inflammation, 通常由反复出现的鼻窦感染引起, 过敏, 以及其他与炎症相关的疾病(如哮喘). 尽管息肉通常不会引起疼痛, they can cause a decrease in the sense of smell or grow large enough to block the nasal airway. 医学治疗包括局部和口服类固醇, but surgery is often required to achieve long-term symptom control in patients with polyps.

 

Nasal Trauma and Fractures

 

鼻部骨折可能是车祸造成的, 面部外伤的袭击, 运动损伤或其他原因. An ENT physician can evaluate and treat 鼻外伤 and fractures; in many cases, 治疗可能不需要Surgery干预.

 

Nosebleeds

 

而许多Nosebleeds是短暂的,相对无害的, 有些人可能会经常Nosebleeds. 也被称为“鼻出血”,这种情况可能是由干燥的空气引起的, 鼻子挑选, 鼻窦感染, 过敏, 中隔偏曲, 鼻外伤, 鼻腔喷雾剂或其他各种原因. If a 鼻子bleed lasts longer than 30 minutes, despite holding pressure, seek emergency care. 严重Nosebleeds的治疗可能包括放置鼻填充物, 腐蚀, 或者在极少数情况下进行Surgery.

 

Postnasal Drip

 

Postnasal drip refers to passage of nasal secretions down from the 鼻子 into the throat. This condition may make you feel the constant need to clear your throat and can cause sore throat and cough. 慢性鼻后滴涕可能是鼻过敏或慢性Sinusitis的征兆. 如果症状持续超过一周,寻求耳鼻喉科专家的评估.

 

Runny Nose

 

Runny Nose通常是过敏或普通感冒的症状. 也被称为“鼻漏”,从鼻子流出的多余的水可能会刺激. 如果Runny Nose持续10天以上, 是否伴有高烧, 是否有血或变色,并伴有发烧或鼻窦疼痛, 寻求医疗救助. 温度变化也会导致鼻漏, 对某些食物的反应, 或者根本没有理由. 医学治疗包括鼻腔喷雾剂和局部药物. 在极少数情况下, Runny Nose可能是由于鼻内脑脊液(CSF)泄漏引起的, 需要Surgery治疗.

 

Sinusitis

 

Sinusitis (“sinus infection”) is a very common condition in which sinus function is disrupted; this can be due to infection or from chronic inflammation. Sinusitis的常见症状包括Runny Nose, 口腔滴, 鼻塞, 嗅觉减退, 以及面部疼痛或压力. 而许多人会时不时地经历急性鼻窦感染, 有些人可能会发展成慢性Sinusitis, 当症状持续12周或更长时间. 慢性Sinusitis可能与其他潜在的健康状况有关, 比如鼻中隔偏曲, 过敏或Nasal Polyps. 它通常通过内窥镜检查(办公室相机检查)或CT成像诊断. Medical treatments include antibiotics, nasal sprays (including topical steroids), and oral steroids. If symptoms persist despite appropriate medical therapy, surgery may be considered.

 

Snoring

 

Snoring occurs when there is narrowing of the passageways through the 鼻子 and throat, 引起喉咙或上颚后部震动的. 当我们清醒时, muscle tone keeps these structures from collapsing; however, 在睡眠中, 放松的肌肉使上颚和舌头变得柔软, 崩溃, 并随着空气的通过而振动. Snoring can be associated with sleep apnea, disrupted sleep, and other adverse health effects. An ENT specialist can evaluate the severity of snoring and sleep-related breathing issues and may be able to provide treatments to optimize the airway 在睡眠中.

 

在纽约找一个你附近的耳鼻喉科医生

To see a board-certified ENT doctor at one of our practice locations in the Hudson Valley, 请打电话给 914.693.7636 或使用下面的表格申请预约.

A representative from WMCHealth Physicians Advanced ENT Services will call you at the phone number you include on this form. We accept most insurances including Medicare and Medicaid; please be sure to ask the practice representative who calls you if we accept your insurance plan. If you have a medical emergency, 请打电话给 911 or go to the nearest emergency room.